quaternary ammonium salt

quaternary ammonium salt
сіль четвертинної аммонієвої основи

English-Ukrainian analytical chemistry dictionary. 2013.

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  • Quaternary ammonium muscle relaxants — are quaternary ammonium salts used as drugs for muscle relaxation, most commonly in anasthesia. It is necessary to prevent spontaneous movement of muscle during surgical operations. Muscle relaxants inhibit neuron transmission to muscle by… …   Wikipedia

  • quaternary ammonium compound — noun a compound derived from ammonium with hydrogen atoms replaced by organic groups; used as surface active agents, disinfectants, and in drugs • Hypernyms: ↑organic compound * * * noun also quaternary ( es) : any of a large class of strong… …   Useful english dictionary

  • quaternary ammonium compound — Chem. any of a class of salts derived from ammonium in which the nitrogen atom is attached to four organic groups, as in benzalkonium chloride; the salts are cationic surface active compounds used as antiseptics and disinfectants. Also called… …   Universalium

  • Quaternary ammonium cation — Quaternary ammonium cations, also known as quats, are positively charged polyatomic ions of the structure NR4+ with R being alkyl groups. Unlike the ammonium ion NH4+ itself and primary, secondary, or tertiary ammonium cations, the quaternary… …   Wikipedia

  • Salt (chemistry) — This article is about the term as used in chemistry. For the chemistry of table salt, see Sodium chloride. The blue salt copper(II) sulfate in the form of the mineral chalcanthite In chemistry, salts are ionic compounds that result from the… …   Wikipedia

  • ammonium — The ion, NH4+, formed by combination of NH3 and H+ (the pKa value is 9.24); behaves as a univalent metal in forming a. compounds. a. benzoate has been used as a stimulant, diuretic, urinary antiseptic, and …   Medical dictionary

  • amine — aminic /euh mee nik, euh min ik/, adj. aminity /euh min i tee/, n. /euh meen , am in/, n. Chem. any of a class of compounds derived from ammonia by replacement of one or more hydrogen atoms with organic groups. [1860 65; AM(MONIUM) + INE2] * * *… …   Universalium

  • ion-exchange reaction — ▪ chemical reaction Introduction       any of a class of chemical reactions between two substances (each consisting of positively and negatively charged species called ions (ion)) that involves an exchange of one or more ionic components.… …   Universalium

  • Amine — For other uses, see Amine (disambiguation). Primary amine Secondary amine Tertiary amine …   Wikipedia

  • Triethylamine — Triethylamine …   Wikipedia

  • chemical compound — Introduction  any substance composed of identical molecules consisting of atoms (atom) of two or more chemical elements (chemical element).       All the matter in the universe is composed of the atoms of more than 100 different chemical elements …   Universalium


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